CAHN, NAOMI R.
(With Gary, Susan N., et al.) Contemporary Trusts and Estates: An Experiential Approach. 2nd ed. New York: Walters Kluwer Law & Business, 2014.
First edition published as Contemporary Approaches to Trusts & Estates Law in 2011.
(With Carbone, June.) Marriage Markets: How Inequality Is Remaking the American Family. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.
(With Kramer, Wendy.) Finding Our Families: A First-Of-Its-Kind Book for Donor-Conceived People and Their Families. New York: Avery Trade, 2013.
(With Douglas E. Abrams, Catherine J. Ross, & David D. Meyer). Contemporary Family Law. 3rd ed. St. Paul: Thomson/West, 2012.
First edition published in 2006.
Second edition polished in 2009.
The New Kinship: Constructing Donor-Conceived Families. New York: New York University Press, 2012.
(With Aoláin, Fionnuala Ní , Dina Francesca Haynes.) On the Frontlines: Gender, War, and the Post-conflict Process. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.
(With Carbone, June.) Red Families v. Blue Families: Legal Polarization and the Creation of Culture. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2010.
Test Tube Families: Why the Fertility Market Needs Legal Regulations. New York: New York University Press, 2009.
(With Hollinger, Joan Heifetz). Families by Law: An Adoption Reader. New York: New York University Press, 2004.
(with Michie, Helena). Confinements: Fertility and Infertility in Contemporary Culture. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1997.
(with Orloff, Leslye E. and Catherine F. Klein). Domestic Violence: A Manual for Pro Bono Lawyers. AYUDA Inc., 1991.
(with Baker, Karen and Sandra Jean Sands). Report on District of Columbia Police Response to Domestic Violence. A Report by the D.C. Coalition against Violence and The Women's Law & Public Policy Fellowship Program at Georgetown University Law Center. Washington, D.C., 1989.
LAW REVIEW ARTICLES & CHAPTERS IN BOOKS
(With Carbone, June.) "Young v. United Parcel Service," The George Washington Law Review: On the Docket (Mar. 27, 2015), http://www.gwlr.org/2015/03/27/youngvups/.
(With Carbone, June.) "Class, Politics, Gender and the Marriage Divide in the United States," 4 Families, Relationships and Societies 163-169 (2015).
(With Carbone, June.) "Growing Inequality and Children," 23 American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy and the Law 283-317 (2015).
(With Carbone, June.) "Introduction: Symposium on Assisted Reproductive Technology and Family Law," 49 Family Law Quarterly 1-5 (2015).
(With Ziettlow, Amy.) "'Making Things Fair': An Empirical Study of How People Approach the Wealth Transmission System," 22 Elder Law Journal 325-380 (2015).
(With Ziettlow, Amy.) "The Honor Commandment: Law, Religion, and the Challenge of Elder Care," 30 Journal of Law and Religion 229-259 (2015).
(With Carbone, June.) "The Triple System for Regulating Women's Reproduction," 43 Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 275-285 (2015).
(With Haynes, Dina and Fionnula Ni Aolain.) "A Gendered Reading of Security and Security Reform in Post-Conflict Societies," in Sexual Violence in Conflict and Post-Conflict Societies, p. 196-215. Ed. by Doris Buss, et al. New York: Routledge, 2014.
(With Borison, Jerome, et. al.) "Contemporary Trusts and Estates--An Experiential Approach," 58 St. Louis University Law Journal 727-737 (2014).
(With Ziettlow, Amy.) "Digital Planning," Probate and Property, May-June 2-14, at p. 22-27.
"Do Tell! The Rights of Donor-Conceived Offspring," 42 Hofstra Law Review 1077-1124 (2014).
(With Collins, Jennifer.) "Fully Informed Consent for Prospective Egg Donors," 16 Virtual Mentor 49-56 (2014).
Available at: http://virtualmentor.ama-assn.org/2014/01/pdf/hlaw2-1401.pdf.
"Legal Kinship and Connection in U.S. Donor Families," in Relatedness in Assisted Reproduction: Families, Origins, and Identities, p. 113-128. Ed. by Tabitha Freeman, et al. London: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
"Probate Law Meets the Digital Age," 67 Vanderbilt Law Review1697-1727 (2014).
(With Beyer, Gerry W.) "Digital Planning: The Future of Elder Law," 9 NAELA Journal 135-155 (2013).
(With Carbone, June.) "Is Marriage for Rich Men?," 13 Nevada Law Journal 386-409 (2013).
(With Dudley, Melinda.) "Part I: Planning for a Client's Digital Assets," The Elder Law Report, July-Aug. 2013, at p. 1-5.
(With Carbone, June.) "The End of Men or the Rebirth of Class?." 93 Boston University Law Review 871-895 (2013).
(With Carbone, June.) "The Gender/Class Divide: Reproduction, Privilege, and the Workplace," 8 FIU Law Review 287-316 (2013).
(With Carbone, June.) "The Past, Present and Future of the Marital Presumption," in The International Survey of Family Law, p. 387-398. Ed. By Bill Atkin and Fareda Banda. Bristol, UK: Jordan Publishing, 2013.
(With Carbone, June.) "The Triple System of Family Law," 2013 Michigan State Law Review 1185-1229.
(With Carbone, June.) "Who's the Father?," 93 Boston University Law Review Annex 55-58 (2013).
Available at http://www.bu.edu/bulawreview/annex-perspectives/whos-the-father/.
"Legal Parent Versus Biological Parent: The Impact of Disclosure," 19 Journal of Law and Medicine 790-802 (2012).
(With Haynes, Dina and Fionnula Ni Aolain.) "Masculinities and Child Soldiers in Post-Conflict Societies," in Masculinities and the Law: A Multidimensional Approach, p. 231-251. Ed. by Frank Ruby Cooper and Ann C. McGinley. New York: New York University Press, 2012
(With Carbone, June.) "Red v. Blue Marriage," in Marriage at the Crossroads: Law, Policy, and the Brave New World of Twenty-First-Century Families, p. 9-29. Ed. By Marsha Garrison and Elizabeth S. Scott. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
"The New Kinship," 100 Georgetown Law Journal 367-429 (2012).
(With Beyer, Gerry W.) "When You Pass On, Don't Leave the Passwords Behind: Planning for Digital Assets," Probate & Property, Jan.-Feb. 2012, at p. 40-42.
(With Haynes, Francesca, and Fionnuala Ni Aolain.) "Gendering Constitutional Design in Post-Conflict Societies," 17 William & Mary Journal of Women & Law 509-545 (2011).
(With Carbone, June.) "Marriage, Parentage, and Child Support," 45 Family Law Quarterly 219-240 (2011).
"No Secrets: Openness and Donor-Conceived 'Half-Siblings,'" 39 Capital University Law Review 313-343 (2011).
(With the Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute.) "Old Lessons for a New World: Applying Adoption Research and Experience to ART," 24 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers 1-31 (2011).
"Postmortem Life On-Line," Probate & Property, July-Aug. 2011, at p. 36.
(With Carbone, June.) "Embryo Fundamentalism," 18 William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal 1015-1052 (2010).
(With Aolain, Fionnuala Ni.) "Hirsch Lecture: Gender, Masculinities, and Transition in Conflicted Societies," 44 New England Law Review 1-23 (2010).
"Protect and Preserve?," (Symposium on Privilege or Punish: Criminal Justice and the Challenge of Family Ties) 13 New Criminal Law Review 127-141 (2010).
(With Haynes, Dina, and Fionnuala Ni Aolain.) "Returning Home: Women in Post-Conflict Societies," (Symposium: Applied Feminism and Marginalized Communities) 39 University of Baltimore Law Review 339-369 (2010).
"Accidental Incest: Drawing the Line--or the Curtain?--for Reproduction Technology," 32 Harvard Journal of Law & Gender 59-107 (2009).
(With Carbone, Joan). "Behavioral Biology, the Rational Actor Model, and the New Feminist Agenda," Law and Economics: Toward Social Justice, p. 189-235. Edited by Dana L. Gold. Bingley, U.K. : Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2009.
(With Lawsky, Sarah.) "Embryo Exchanges and Adoption Tax Credits," 122 Tax Notes 1365 (2009).
Reprinted in 52 State Tax Notes 927 (2009).
(With Carbone, June.) "Family Classes: Rethinking Contraceptive Choice," 20 University of Florida Journal of Law and Public Policy 361-386 (2009).
"Necessary Subjects: The Need for a Mandatory National Donor Gamete Databank," 12 DePaul Journal of Health Care Law 203-223 (2009).
(With Ross, Catherine J.) "Parens Patriae," The Child: An Encyclopedic Companion. Edited by Richard A. Shweder, et. al. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 2009.
"Placing Children in Context: Parents, Foster Care, and Poverty," What Is Right for Children: The Competing Paradigms of Religion and Human Rights, p. 145-168. Edited by Martha Albertson Fineman and Karen Worthington. Farnham : Ashgate, 2009.
(With Gambino, Anthony.) "Towards a Typology of Corporate Responsibility in Different Governance Contexts: What to Do in the Absence of Responsible Country Governance," (Symposium Issue: Global Sourcing and the Global Lawyer) 39 Georgetown Journal of International Law 655-678 (2008).
(with Carbone, June). "Deep Purple: Religious Shades of Family Law," (Symposium: The Religion Clauses in the 21st Century.) 110 West Virginia Law Review 459-499 (2007).
"Family," in Encyclopedia of Privacy, 217-221, edited by William G. Staples. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2007.
"Child Witnessing of Domestic Violence." in Handbook of Children, Culture, and Violence 3-20, edited by Nancy Dowd, Dorothy G. Singer, & Robin Fretwell Wilson. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2006.
(With Carbone, June.) "Examining the Biological Bases of Family Law: Lessons to be Learned for the Evolutionary Analysis of Law." 2 International Journal of Law in Context 277 (2006).
"Planning Options for the Daily Care of a Minor in the Event of an Adult's Incapacity or Death," in Tax, Estate, and Lifetime Planning for Minors, 125, edited by Carmina Y. D'Aversa. Chicago: American Bar Association, 2006.
"Poor Children: Child 'Witches' and Child Soldiers in Sub-Saharan Africa." 3 Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law 413-456 (2006).
"State Representation of Children's Interests." 40 Family Law Quarterly 109-132 (2006).
(With Selmi, Michael). "The Class Ceiling." 65 Maryland Law Review 435-464 (2006).
"Women in Post-Conflict Reconstruction: Dilemmas and Directions." 12 William & Mary Journal of Women & Law 335-376 (2006).
"Beyond Retribution and Impunity: Responding to War Crimes of Sexual Violence." 1 Stanford Journal of Civil Rights & Civil Liberties 217 (2005).
(With Goldstein, Anne T.). "Roe and its Global Impact." 6 University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law 695-722 (2004).
(With Hollinger, Joan Heifetz). "Adoptees' Inheritance Rights." in Families by Law: An Adoption Reader 78-79, edited by Naomi R. Cahn & Joan Heifetz Hollinger. New York: New York University Press, 2004.
"Adoptees, Families, Stepfamilies, and Inheritance." 8 Adoption Quarterly 57 (2004).
(With Jana Singer). "Adoption, Identity and the Constitution: The Case for Opening Closed Records." in Families by Law: An Adoption Reader 153-155, edited by Naomi R. Cahn & Joan Heifetz Hollinger. New York: New York University Press, 2004.
"Corporate Governance Divergence and Sub-Saharan Africa: Lessons from Out Here in the Fields." 33 Stetson Law Review 893-924 (2004).
"Family Issue(s)." in Families by Law: An Adoption Reader 270-272, edited by Naomi R. Cahn & Joan Heifetz Holllinger. New York: New York University Press, 2004.
"Perfect Substitutes or the Real Thing?" in Families by Law: An Adoption Reader 19-24, edited by Naomi R. Cahn & Joan Heifetz Hollinger. New York: New York University Press, 2004.
(With June Carbone). "The Biological Basis of Commitment: Does One Size Fit All?" 25 Women's Rights Law Reporter 223-248 (2004).
"Battered Women, Child Maltreatment, Prison, and Poverty: Issues for Theory and Practice." 11 American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy & the Law 355-366 (2003).
(with Selmi, Michael). "Caretaking and the Contradiction of Contemporary Policy." 55 Maine Law Review 289-312 (2003).
"Perfect Substitutes or the Real Thing?" 52 Duke Law Journal 1077-1166 (2003).
(With Carbone, June). "Which Ties Bind? Redefining the Parent-Child Relationship in an Age of Genetic Certainty." 11 William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal 1071-1100 (2003).
"Birthing Relationships." 17 Wisconsin Women's Law Journal 163-198 (2002).
"Faithless Wives and Lazy Husbands: Gender Norms in Nineteenth-Century Divorce Law." 2002 University of Illinois Law Review 651-698 (2002).
"Parenthood, Genes, and Gametes: The Family Law and Trusts and Estates Perspectives." 32 University of Memphis Law Review 563-606 (2002).
"The Coin of the Realm: Poverty and the Commodification of Gendered Labor." 5 Journal of Gender, Race & Justice1-30 (2001).
"Children's Interests and Information Disclosure: Who Provided the Egg and Sperm? Or Mommy, Where (and Whom) do I Come From?" 2 Georgetown Journal of Gender and Law 1-27 (2000).
(with Murphy, Jean C.). "Collecting Child Support: A History of Federal and State Initiatives." 34 Clearinghouse Review 165-181 (July/Aug. 2000).
"Policing Women: Moral Arguments and the Dilemmas of Criminalization." 49 DePaul Law Review 817-829 (2000).
"The Power of Caretaking." 12 Yale Journal of Law and Feminism 177-223 (2000).
(with Singer, Jane). "Adoption, Identity, and the Constitution: The Case for Opening Closed Records." 2 University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law 150-194 (1999).
"Children's Interests in a Familial Context: Poverty, Foster Care, and Adoption." 60 Ohio State Law Journal 1189-1223 (1999).
"Gendered Identities: Women and Household Work." 44 Villanova Law Review 525-545 (1999).
"Models of Family Privacy." 67 George Washington Law Review 1225-1246 (1999).
(with Ross, Catherine). "Subsidy for Caretaking in Families: Lessons from Foster Care." 8 American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy and the Law 55-71 (1999).
(with Tuttle, Robert). "Dependency and Delegation: The Ethics of Marital Representation." 22 Seattle University Law Review 97-138 (Summer 1998).
"Reframing Child Custody Decision-Making." 58 Ohio State Law Journal 1-60 (1997).
"Representing Race outside of Explicitly Racialized Contexts." (Symposium: Representing Race). 95 Michigan Law Review 965-1004 (1997).
"The Moral Complexities of Family Law." 50 Stanford Law Review 225-271 (1997).
(with Ashe, Marie). "Child Abuse: A Problem for Feminist Theory." in Applications of Feminist Legal Theory to Women's Lives: Sex, Violence, Work, and Reproduction, 916, edited by D. Kelly Weisberg. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1996.
"Pragmatic Questions about Parental Liability Statutes." (Symposium: Juvenile Justice Reform). 1996 Wisconsin Law Review 399-445 (1996).
(with Mitchie, Helena). "Unnatural Births: Cesarean Sections in the Discourse of the 'Natural Childbirth' Movement." in Gender and Health: An International Perspective, edited by Carolyn Sargent and Caroline Brettell, at 44. (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1996).
(with Meier, Joan). "Domestic Violence and Feminist Jurisprudence: Toward a New Agenda." 4 Boston University Public Interest Law Journal 339-361 (1995).
"Forward: Responsible Lawyers." (Symposium: Community, Pluralism and Professional Responsibility). 63 George Washington Law Review 921-930 (1995).
"Family Issue(s)." 61 University of Chicago Law Review 325-349 (Winter 1994).
"Family Law, Federalism, and the Federal Courts." 79 Iowa Law Review 1073-1126 (1994).
"Child Abuse: A Problem for Feminist Theory." (1992 Symposium on New Perspectives on Women and Violence, Part 1). 2 Texas Journal of Women and the Law 75-112 (1993).
"Inconsistent Stories." 81 Georgetown Law Journal 2475-2531 (1993).
"The Case of the Speluncean Explorers: Contemporary Proceedings." (A Response to Lon L. Fuller, 62 Harvard Law Review 616 (1949), Panel Discussion). 61 George Washington Law Review 1754-1811 (1993).
(with Meier, Joan). "Double Jeopardy and Enforcement of Civil Protection Orders." 1 Texas Journal of Women and the Law 269-274 (1992).
"Speaking Differences: The Rules and Relationships of Litigants' Discourses." 90 Michigan Law Review 1705-1718 (1992).
"Styles of Lawyering." 43 Hastings Law Journal 1039-1069 (1992).
"The Looseness of Legal Language: The Reasonable Woman Standard in Theory and in Practice." 77 Cornell Law Review 1398-1446 (1992).
"Civil Images of Battered Women: The Impact of Domestic Violence on Child Custody Decisions." 44 Vanderbilt Law Review 1041-1097 (1991).
"Defining Feminist Litigation." 14 Harvard Women's Law Journal 1-20 (1991).
"A Preliminary Feminist Critique of Legal Ethics." (Symposium on Gender and Legal Ethics). 4 Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics 23-51 (1990).
(with Schneider, Norman G.). "The Next Best Thing: Transferred Clients in a Legal Clinic." 36 Catholic University Law Review 367-294 (1987).
"Zoning, Porno, and the First Amendment." 9 Update on Law-Related Education 38 (1985).
(With Carbone, June.) Review of What Works for Women at Work: Four Patterns Working Women Need to Know, by Joan C. Williams and Rachel Dempsey. 65 Journal of Legal Education 242-247 (2015).
"Continuity and Caregiving: Comments on Someday All this Will Be yours," Review of Someday All This Will Be Yours: A History of Inheritance and Old Age, by Hendrik Hartog. 40 Law & Social Inquiry 492-497 (2015).
"Learning Lessons." Review of Lessons in Censorship: How Schools and Courts Subvert Students' First Amendment Rights, by Catherine J. Ross. 49 Family Law Quarterly 535-544 (2015).
(With Carbone, June.) "Reality and the Family Courts." Review of Divorced from Reality: Rethinking Family Dispute Resolution, by Jane Murphy and Jana Singer. 28 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers 309-318 (2015).
(With Carbone, June.) "Whither/Wither Alimony?" Review of The Marriage Buyout: The Troubled Trajectory of U.S. Alimony Law, by Cynthia Lee Starnes. 93 Texas Law Review 925-952 (2015).
Review of The Good Lawyer: Seeking Quality in the Practice of Law, by Douglas O. Linder and Nancy Levit, in Concurring Opinions (June 18, 2014), http://www.concurringopinions.com/archives/2014/06/book-review-linder-levit-the-good-lawyer-seeking-quality-in-the-practice-of-law.html.
(With Carbone, June.) Review of Intimate Associations: The Law and Culture of American Families, by Herbie DeFonzo & Ruther Stern. 48 Family Law Quarterly 211-220 (2014).
Review of Legalizing Gay Marriage, by Michael Mello. 67 Journal of Marriage & Family 1348-1349 (2005).
"Race, Poverty, History, Adoption, and Child Abuse: Connections." Review of Shattered Bonds: The Color of Child Welfare, by Dorothy Roberts; and Adoption in America: Historical Perspectives, edited by E. Wayne Carp. 36 Law and Society Review 461-488 (2002).
"Looking at Marriage." Review of Alone Together: Law and the Meanings of Marriage, by Milton C. Regan, Jr. 98 Michigan Law Review 1766-1796 (2000).
Review of In Defense of Single Families, by Nancy E. Dowd. 50 Stanford Law Review 225-271 (1997).
Review of The Divorce Culture, by Barbara Dafoe Whitehead. 50 Stanford Law Review 225-271 (1997).
Review of Family Bonds: Adoption and the Policies of Parenting, by Elizabeth Bartholet. 61 University of Chicago Law Review 325-349 (1994).
Review of Rules versus Relationships, by John M. Conley and William M. O'Barr. 90 Michigan Law Review 1705-1718 (1992).
(With Carbone, June.) "The Marriage Calculus," aeon (Apr. 20, 2015), http://aeon.co/magazine/society/how-rising-inequality-is-changing-marriage/.
"Why Do You Need a Lawyer, Anyway?," Path2Parenthood (Apr. 14, 2015), http://www.path2parenthood.org/article/why-do-you-need-a-lawyer-anyway/.
(With Carbone, June.) "Don't Get Married Until You Know Who You're Going to Be When You Grow Up," Forbes Leadership Forum (May 4, 2015), http://www.forbes.com/sites/forbesleadershipforum/2015/05/04/dont-get-married-until-you-know-who-youre-going-to-be-when-you-grow-up/.
(With Green, M. Christian, and Amy Ziettlow.) "Women, Eldercare, and the Honor Commandment," Berkley Center for Religion, Peace & World Affairs (Sept. 8, 2014), http://berkleycenter.georgetown.edu/essays/women-eldercare-and-the-honor-commandment.
"The New Kinship," Gender & Society (Apr. 15, 2014, 6:03 PM), http://gendersociety.wordpress.com/2014/04/15/the-new-kinship/.
(With Carbone, June.) "Why We Wrote This Book: June Carbone & Naomi Cahn, Marriage Markets: How Inequality is Remaking the American Family," Hamilton and Griffin on Rights (Dec, 9, 2014), http://hamilton-griffin.com/why-we-wrote-this-book-june-carbone-naomi-cahn-marriage-markets-how-inequality-is-remaking-the-american-family/.
(With Carbone, June.) "Inequality and Marriage," The Chronicle Review, May 16, 2014, at B15-B16.
Available at http://chronicle.com/article/Is-Wedlock-for-the-Wealthy-/146429/.
(With Carbone, June.) "The New Math of the Single Mother," Politico Magazine (Oct. 13, 2014), http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2014/10/the-new-math-of-the-single-mother-111842.html#.VD6XUPldWWU.
(With Carbone, June.) "Assisted Reproduction: When Does a Father Become One?" Op-Ed., Los Angeles Times (Aug. 12, 2013), http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/opinionla/la-oe-cahn-sperm-donor-jason-patric-20130812,0,4796578.story.
(With Kramer, Wendy.) "Emailing a Sperm Donor: 'You May Want to Sit Down,'" New York Times (Dec. 16, 2013, 2:20 PM), http://parenting.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/12/16/emailing-a-sperm-donor-you-may-want-to-sit-down/.
(With Ziettlow, Amy.) "Caregiving in a Digital World," Loud and Clear: A Special Needs Conversation (May 24, 2013), blog.specialneedsalliance.org/2013/05/caregiving-in-a-digital-world/.
(With Carbone, June.) "Does Abortion Lead to More Stable Marriages?," Slate (Jan. 22. 2013, 2:48 PM), http://www.slate.com/articles/double_x/doublex/2013/01/did_the_pro_life_movement_lead_to_more_single_moms.html.
(With Carbone, June.) "Knot Yet What? How to Build Stronger Families," Knot Yet (Apr. 4, 2013), http://twentysomethingmarriage.org/knot-yet-what-how-to-increase-marriage-rates/.
(With Levit, Nancy and Todd Peterson). The Law Profs, May 2012-Present.
Available at: http://bal.wolterskluwerlb.com/author/thelawprofs/.
(With Ross, Heather.) "How to Choose an Infertility Attorney," American Fertility Association (July 6, 2012), http://www.theafa.org/article/how-to-choose-an-infertility-attorney/.
(With Carbone, June.) "Red Families v. Blue Families Revisited," OUPblog (Sept. 12, 2012, 6:30 AM), http://blog.oup.com/2012/09/red-families-v-blue-families-revisited/.
(With Carbone, June.) "State Budget Cuts: The Undeclared War on the Middle Class," New Deal 2.0: A Project of the Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute (Nov. 18, 2010, 8:41 AM).
Available at: http://www.newdeal20.org/2010/11/18/state-budget-cuts-the-undeclared-war-on-the-middle-class-27235.
"Between Two Mommies (Same-Sex Couples Raising Children Together)." Legal Times (Feb. 28, 2005).