(With Wentz, Jessica A.) Next Generation Environmental Compliance and Enforcement. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Law Institute, 2014. 

(With Kotze, Louis, et al.) Compliance and Enforcement in Environmental Law: Toward More Effective Enforcement. Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA: Edgar Elgar, 2011. 

With Suellen Keiner and Mark Staughton. Beyond Enforcement: Enforcement, Compliance Assistance, and Corporate Leadership Programs in Five Midwestern States. Washington, D.C. : Environmental Law Institute, 2003. 

Available for download from the Environmental Law Institute,


(With Greenblum, Max.) "Community Benefits Agreements for Wind Farms in Context," in Sharing the Costs and Benefits of Energy and Resource Activity, p. 155-172. Ed. by Lila Barrera-Hernández, et al. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.

(With Wentz, Jessica Anne.) "Emerging Regulatory Frameworks for Hydraulic Fracturing and Shale Gas Development in the United States," in The Law of Energy Underground: Understanding New Development in Subsurface Production, Transmission, and Storage, p. 147-182. Ed. by Donald N. Zillman, et al. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

(With Wentz, Jessica.) "The Netherlands," in International Environmental Law: The Practitioner's Guide to the Laws of the Planet, p. 631-664. Ed. by Brett Grosko & Roger R. Martella, Jr. Chicago: ABA Book Pub., 2014.

(With Masterton, Molly.) "An Integrated Framework for Governing Emerging Technologies such as Nanotechnology and Synthetic Biology," in Innovative Governance Models for Emerging Technologies, Chapt. 4. Ed. by Gary Marchant, Kenneth W. Abbott and Braden Allenby. Northampton, MA : Edward Elgar Pub., 2013.

"Stepping Up to Sustainability," 81 UMKC Law Review 359-384 (2013).

"Beyond Deterrence: Compliance and Enforcement in the Context of Sustainable Development," 42 Environmental Law Reporter10622-10638 (2012).

(With Youngblood, Charlotte.) "Demand Response and Infrastructure Development in the United States," in Energy Networks and the Law: Innovative Solutions in Changing Markets, Ch. IX. Ed. by Martha M. Roggenkamp, et al. Oxford: Oxford Scholarship Online, 2012.

(With Bowmar, Jennifer.) "Multi-Layered Environmental Governance in the United States," in Environmental Protection in Multi-Layered Systems: Comparative Lessons from the Water Sector, p. 291-315. Ed. by Mariachiara Alberton and Francesco Palermo. Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 2012.

"The Role of Public Engagement in Achieving Environmental Justice," in Poverty Alleviation and Environmental Law, p. 129-153. Ed. by Yves Le Bouthillier, et al. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 2012.

(With Colasuonno, Lee.) "Water Management and Protection in the United States," in Environmental Protection in Multi-Layered Systems: Comparative Lessons from the Water Sector, p. 33-54. Ed. by Mariachiara Alberton and Francesco Palermo. Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 2012.

(With Colasuonno, Lea.) "Minimizing Species Disputes in Energy Siting: Utilizing Natural Heritage Inventories," 87 North Dakota Law Review 603-624 (2011).

"The U.S. National Environmental Policy Act at 40: Progress and Challenges," Trinta Anos da Politica National de Meio Ambiente, p. 669-697. Rio de Janiero: Garamond, 2011.

"An Integrated Approach to Nanotechnology Governance," 28 UCLA Journal of Environmental Law & Policy 251-290 (2010).

"Collaborative Problem Solving in Minnesota," 25 Natural Resources & Environment 17-20, 43 (Fall 2010).

(With Grinlinton, David.) "The Role of Feed-In Tariffs in Supporting the Expansion of Solar Energy Production," 41 University of Toledo Law Review 943-973 (2010).

"Green Governance: Building the Competencies Necessary for Effective Environmental Management," 38 Environmental Law Reports 10609-10642 (September 2008).

"Keeping Pace with Nanotechnology: A Proposal for a New Approach to Environmental Accountability," 36 Environmental Law Reports 10943-10952 (December 2006).

"Navigating the Confluence Among Real Estate, Land Use, and Environmental Law," 23 Pace Environmental Law Review 677-678 (2006).

"Environmental Accountability and Public Involvement." 21 Pace Environmental Law Review 243-264 (2004).

"New Policy Directions in the United States: The President's Council on Sustainable Development." Environment Policy in Transition, Edited by Ken Sexton and Barbara Scott Murdock. Minneapolis, MN : University of Minnesota, School of Public Health, Center for Environment & Health Policy, 1996.

"Funding Contaminated Site Cleanup in the United States." 3 Review of European Community and International Environmental Law: RECIEL 133-142 (1994).

"Enforcement at the Turn of the Century." 21 Environmental Law 1509-1525 (1991).

(with Humphrey, Hubert H., III). "The Federal and State Roles in Environmental Enforcement: A Proposal for a More Effective and More Efficient Relationship." 14 Harvard Environmental Law Review 7-44 (1990).

(with Conerton, Beverly). "The Need for a Principled Expansion of the Role of Local Government in Environmental Enforcement." 16 William Mitchell Law Review 949-985 (1990).

(with Sulmer, Pamela). "Regulation of Infectious Waste." 3 National Environmental Enforcement Journal 3-15 (November 1988).


"A New Environmental Accountability System for the Nanotechnology Industry," Proceedings of Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show, May 7-11, 2006. Boston : 2006.

Decker, Freese, and Paddock, "Technical Work Paper: Role of Government," Minnesota Generic Environmental Impact Statement on Animal Agriculture. St. Paul : May 18, 2001.

Keiner, Suellen and Lee Paddock, "Mixing Management Metaphors: the Complexities of Introducing a Performance-based State/EPA Partnership System into an Activity-based Management Culture," Research Paper Number 11, Volume III, Transforming Environmental Protection for the 21st Century. Washington, D.C. : National Academy of Public Administration, 2000.

"Stimulating Voluntary Compliance: the Minnesota Experience," Proceedings of the Fourth International Enforcement Conference, April 22-26, 1996, Chiang Mai, Thailand. Washington, D.C. : Environmental Law Institute, 1996.

"Field Citations," Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Environmental Enforcement, April 25-28, 1994. Washington, D.C. : Distributed by the Environmental Protection Agency, 1994.

"Designing Effective Enforcement Programs at the State Level," Proceedings of the Second International Environment Enforcement Conference, September 22-25, 1992. Budapest, Hungary : Distributed by the Environmental Protection Agency, 1992.